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TripleX

TripleX

Development of the multi-terrain pattern is always compromise of finding appropriate solution of the camouflage provide adequate concealment of the operators on the background of the certain terrain. Even more complex task, is to develop pattern which will provide sustainable concealment on the different distances within certain type of the terrain and will not become one-color spot, which is easy to target.

In most cases natural terrain is not one-color spot perfectly comparable with pattern. Terrain is seasonally and daily changeable, which making development of the pattern even more complex. TRIPLEX multi-terrain camouflage pattern is developed based on our 7 years research, taking into consideration above mentioned basics. Our goal was to make unique pattern, providing three operational terrains – forest, urban, mountain, as well as covering transitional terrain in between.

Main effort was camouflage colour and contrast that helps our camouflage blend in forest areas and mountainous terrain. Pattern element as we call it TIPLEX is based on Euclid geometrical element that allows shape it in different irregular forms and build a pattern that has horizontal and vertical lines as much as in nature or urban environment at the same time keeps it DIGITAL and has ability to converge with surrounding elements and light.

Since the effect of pattern of camouflage is gained at distances 50 m and above, main focus is on right colours of pattern element. Not only has each colour dictated camouflage, but also what colour they make when mixed in pattern. TRIPLEX camouflage tone gives ability to call it multi-terrain. Next factor is pattern element shape, size and ratio.


TripleX
in FOREST terrain

Main element is the camouflage greenish background that has greyish colouring and gives most effective bland in effect in wooden areas as in leaf tree areas and in conifer tree areas. Dense forests or sparse forests. One of the basis of camouflage is the tone from wild animal fur that comes out at autumn season and with greyish colour is most optimal spectrum for concealment. To get most effect in different forest areas the TRIPLEX element is added and the focus is on element size ratio. Grey and brown elements provide camouflage with grate blending at autumn summer and spring seasons. TRIPLEX elements are placed as so to give camouflage pattern a “digital” blur at the same time, in close distance make horizontal and vertical lines that are distinctive in nature. We reduced possibility that elements together make spots or standing shadow effect that are not distinctive for environment.


TripleX
in URBAN terrain


Tactical doctrine stresses that urban combat operations are conducted only when required and that built-up areas are isolated and bypassed rather than risking a costly, time-consuming operation in this difficult environment. Adherence to these precepts, though valid, is becoming increasingly difficult as urban sprawl changes the face of the battlefield. Major urban areas represent the power and wealth of a particular country in the form of industrial bases, transportation complexes, economic institutions, and political and cultural centers. The denial or capture of these centers may yield decisive psychological advantages that frequently determine the success or failure of the larger conflict.

Villages and small towns will often be caught up in the battle because of their proximity to major avenues of approach or because they are astride lines of communications that are vital to sustaining ground combat operations. Urbanization is a complex, multifaceted process influenced by many factors including a nation's cultural development, its economic resources, and its industrial capacity. Although its form varies from region to region, urbanization is characterized by a general pattern of changes in land usage and the spread of manmade features across natural terrain. Tactical terrain analysis has traditionally considered some elements of the urban environment such as the allocation of land to agriculture or forestry and the distribution of railway or road networks. However, the focus has been on natural terrain elements.

In Europe and other urbanized areas of the world, increased awareness of the effects of manmade features on the overall tactical scheme is necessary. How urban terrain elements impact on operations is an important consideration in determining our tactical options. Expanding urban development affects military operations as the terrain is altered. The increased population and accelerated growth of cities have made the problems of combat in built-up areas an urgent requirement for the military, law enforcement, special security forces. This type of combat cannot be avoided. The makeup and distribution of smaller built-up areas as part of an urban complex make the isolation of enemy fires occupying one or more of these smaller enclaves increasingly difficult. Urban terrain is expected to be the future battlefield in Europe and Asia with brigade- and higher-level commanders focusing on these operations.

The closeness of urban operations increases the likelihood that the enemy will detect operators of the unit. Because some urban areas offer poor concealment and cover, the enemy is most likely to detect soldiers moving through urban areas. Camouflages effectiveness in urban terrain is dictated by colour of elements, and size ratio that allows to blur and not stand out on built up area background. Either it is in urban built up areas or in debris of built up areas. As one of the methods for concealment with triplex, when lighter pattern is mandatory, is wearing any clothing with triplex camouflage inside out.


TripleX
in MOUNTAIN terrain

With approximately 38% of the world's landmass classified as mountains, the Army must be prepared to deter conflict, resist coercion, and defeat aggression in mountains as in other areas. Mountains exist in almost every country in the world and almost every war has included some type of mountain operations. This pattern will not change; therefore, soldiers will fight in mountainous terrain in future conflicts. Although mountain operations have not changed, several advancements in equipment and transportation have increased the soldiers’ capabilities. The identification and proper use of the cover and concealment provided by mountainous terrain are fundamental to all aspects of mountain operations. Mountainous terrain is where urban spectrum mixes with forest spectrum depending on types of rock and forests. That is why TRIPLEX can provide concealment and blurring with surrounding in Dolomites Mountains, high altitude mountain terrain or at the bases of mountains with vegetation or at the highlands.


TripleX
in TRANSITIONAL terrain

As main factor for camouflage TRIPLEX is light effect on pattern. In any terrain and environment blending in is dictated by first and last light and shadow effects. Intensity of light, artificial or natural. TRIPLEX provides camouflage with chameleon effect, when camouflage contrast changes depending on light intensity. When surrounding background changes contrast, the TRIPLEX does the same and does not stand out. As a benefit TRIPLEX changes contrast together with surroundings during first and last light and does not stand out as light or dark spot.